2 Noah Mehrle
2 Noah Mehrle
Height: 6-1
Weight: 180
Bats/Throws: R/R
Year: Jr.
Hometown: Liberty Township, Ohio
High School: St. Xavier
Position: OF
Major: Accounting
gp 29
avg .304
hr 2
rbi 11
r 22
sb 1

Junior (2019): Played in 26 games during his junior season, including 22 in a starting role… Hit .304 with two home runs and 11 RBIs, while scoring 22 runs… Added two doubles and a triple, while slugging .430… Walked 11 times and was hit by nine pitches to raise his on base percentage to .444… Also stole one base on four attempts… Registered six multiple hit games and three multiple RBI games… Ended the year on a season-best four-game hitting streak… Recorded a .600 on base percentage when leading off an inning… Batted .317 (19-of-60) against right-handed pitching… Started all four of the Spartans’ postseason games, batting .333 (five-for-15) with a home run, a triple three RBIs and two runs scored… Led all CWRU players with 12 runs scored in UAA games, batting .263 with a home run and four RBIs… Went three-for-three with a home run, two runs scored and three RBIs in the second game of a doubleheader against NYU on April 6… Reached base five times against Roger Williams on March 12, going two-for-three with two runs, three RBIs, two hit-by-pitches and a stolen base… Walked three times and scored three runs against Brandeis on April 28… Made three appearances on the mound during the year as well, recording a 9.00 ERA over four innings of work, while holding opponents to a .235 batting average… Did not allow an earned run in two innings of work against Roger Williams on March 13… Received UAA Spring All-Academic honors.

Sophomore (2018): Played in 35 games and made 32 starts during his sophomore season, seeing time in the outfield and at first base… Batted .230 (26-for-113) with seven doubles, 12 runs scored and 15 runs batted in… Slugged .292 and recorded a .326 on base percentage… Stole two bases on four attempts… Registered four multiple-hit games and tw multiple RBI games during the season… Recorded a 10-game hitting streak, the second-longest by a CWRU player during the season, from March 4-24... Hit .276 (eight-for-29) against left-handed pitching… Went three-for-four with two runs, two RBIs and a stolen base against Rochester on March 15… Received UAA All-Academic honors.

Freshman (2017): Made 23 started and played in 29 total games during his freshman season, batting .289 with 18 runs scored, 18 RBIs, and six doubles… Stole five bases on seven attempts… Saw time in the outfield and at first base, in addition to serving as a designate hitter during the campaign… Hit .346 (18-of-52) with runners on base and .412 (14-of-34) with runners in scoring position… Had six multiple hit games and four multiple RBI games during the year, including a three-for-five performance with three RBIs and a double against Washington and Jefferson on March 4… Tallied a season-high six-game hitting streak between February 26 and March 11, batting .476 (10-for-21) with six RBIs and three doubles during the stretch.

Personal: Was a four-year member of the St. Xavier High School baseball team... Coached by Bob Sherlock... Named to the GCL South First Team and an All-City Honorable Mention his senior year, in addition to being named the team's Most Outstanding Defensive Player... GCL South Honorable Mention in 2014 and 2015... Senior Academic All-Ohio Team in 2016... Batted .315 with 65 hits and 19 doubles over his career... A four-year honor roll selection, in addition to being a member of the National Honor Society and the Foreign Language Honor Society... Also played football in high school... Born June 28... Son of Joe and Amy... His father played baseball at Ohio State... Sister, Hannah, is a softball player at Washington (Mo.).

Recent Games
Apr 27 Brandeis L, 7-5
Apr 28 Brandeis W, 17-4
May 17 vs. Otterbein W, 4-2
May 18 vs. Rochester (N.Y.) W, 11-0
May 19 at Wooster L, 8-7
May 19 at Wooster L, 9-3
Statistics category Overall Conf
Games 29 12
Plate appearances 100 45
At Bats 79 38
Runs 22 12
Hits 24 10
Doubles 2 1
Triples 1 -
Home Runs 2 1
Runs Batted In 11 4
Total bases 34 14
Walks 11 4
Hit by pitch 9 2
Strikeouts 10 3
Sacrifice Flies - -
Sacrifice Hits 1 1
Hit into double play 5 4
Stolen Bases 1 -
Caught Stealing 3 -
Batting Average .304 .263
On Base Percentage .444 .364
Slugging Percentage .430 .368
Appearances 3 1
Games started 0 0
Wins 0 0
Losses 0 0
Saves 0 0
Complete Games - -
Shutouts - -
Innings Pitched 4.0 1.0
Hits 4 3
Runs 5 3
Earned Runs 4 3
Walks 2 0
Strikeouts 3 0
Strikeouts per Game 6.75 .00
Doubles Allowed 1 1
Triples Allowed - -
Home Runs Allows - -
At Bats Against 17 6
Batting Average Against .235 .500
Earned Run Average 9.00 27.00
Wild pitches - -
Hit Batters 4 3
Balks - -
Sacrifice Flies Allowed - -
Sacrifice Hits Allowed - -
Total Chances 114 64
Put Outs 108 61
Assists 4 1
Errors 2 2
Fielding Percentage .982 .969
Double Plays 6 3
Stolen Bases Allowed - -
Runners Caught Stealing - -
Runners Caught Stealing Percentage - -
Passed Balls - -
Catcher's Interference - -
Date Opponent Score ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs
Feb 23 at Spalding L, 6-5 - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 24 at Spalding L, 2-0 1 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Feb 24 at Spalding L, 3-2 3 0 1 - - - 0 - - - 2
Mar 2 Allegheny W, 11-4 2 0 0 - - - 0 1 1 - -
Mar 2 Allegheny W, 4-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 10 at Oglethorpe W, 9-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 11 at Oglethorpe W, 6-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 12 vs. Roger Williams L, 9-8 4 1 1 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Mar 12 vs. Roger Williams L, 11-8 3 2 2 - - - 3 - - 1 -
Mar 13 vs. Roger Williams W, 19-1 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 14 vs. Roger Williams W, 8-4 2 2 2 - - - 0 1 - - 1
Mar 15 vs. Western New Eng. L, 2-0 3 0 1 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 16 vs. Western New Eng. W, 12-2 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Mar 17 vs. Trinity (Conn.) W, 18-6 2 1 0 - - - 0 1 - - -
Mar 23 Fredonia W, 19-0 3 1 1 - - - 1 2 - - -
Mar 23 Fredonia W, 5-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 24 St. John Fisher W, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 24 St. John Fisher W, 7-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 29 Washington (Mo.) L, 7-5 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 29 Washington (Mo.) L, 2-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 3 Baldwin Wallace W, 7-2 3 1 1 1 - - 0 - 1 - -
Apr 6 at New York U. W, 6-5 4 2 2 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 6 at New York U. W, 6-0 3 2 3 - - 1 3 - - - -
Apr 7 at New York U. W, 3-1 5 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 7 at New York U. W, 5-3 3 1 0 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Apr 12 at Emory W, 4-1 4 1 2 1 - - 0 - 1 - -
Apr 12 at Emory L, 8-7 5 0 0 - - - 0 - 1 - -
Apr 13 at Emory L, 13-3 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 13 at Emory L, 10-6 3 1 1 - - - 1 - - - -
Apr 18 at Wooster W, 21-10 0 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 20 Heidelberg W, 8-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 26 Brandeis L, 5-3 2 0 0 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 27 Brandeis W, 6-0 4 2 1 - - - 0 - - - -
Apr 27 Brandeis L, 7-5 3 0 1 - - - 0 1 - - -
Apr 28 Brandeis W, 17-4 2 3 0 - - - 0 3 - - -
May 17 vs. Otterbein W, 4-2 4 0 2 - 1 - 1 - - - -
May 18 vs. Rochester (N.Y.) W, 11-0 3 0 1 - - - 0 1 - - -
May 19 at Wooster L, 8-7 4 2 1 - - 1 2 1 1 - -
May 19 at Wooster L, 9-3 4 0 1 - - - 0 - 3 - -
Date Opponent Score hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
Feb 23 at Spalding L, 6-5 - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 24 at Spalding L, 2-0 - - - 0 0 - 1 - - 1
Feb 24 at Spalding L, 3-2 1 - - 1 0 - 1 1 1.00 4
Mar 2 Allegheny W, 11-4 - - - 0 0 - - - - 3
Mar 2 Allegheny W, 4-3 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 10 at Oglethorpe W, 9-0 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 11 at Oglethorpe W, 6-2 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 12 vs. Roger Williams L, 9-8 1 - - 1 0 - - 2 - 5
Mar 12 vs. Roger Williams L, 11-8 2 - - 2 0 - 1 - - 5
Mar 13 vs. Roger Williams W, 19-1 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Mar 14 vs. Roger Williams W, 8-4 - - - 2 0 - - - - 3
Mar 15 vs. Western New Eng. L, 2-0 1 - - 1 0 - - 2 - 4
Mar 16 vs. Western New Eng. W, 12-2 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Mar 17 vs. Trinity (Conn.) W, 18-6 1 - - 0 0 1 1 1 1.00 4
Mar 23 Fredonia W, 19-0 - - - 1 0 - - 2 - 5
Mar 23 Fredonia W, 5-3 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 24 St. John Fisher W, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 24 St. John Fisher W, 7-2 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 29 Washington (Mo.) L, 7-5 - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 29 Washington (Mo.) L, 2-1 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 3 Baldwin Wallace W, 7-2 1 - - 2 1 - - 1 - 4
Apr 6 at New York U. W, 6-5 - - - 2 0 - 1 1 1.00 4
Apr 6 at New York U. W, 6-0 - - - 6 1 - - - - 3
Apr 7 at New York U. W, 3-1 - - - 0 0 2 3 2 1.50 5
Apr 7 at New York U. W, 5-3 1 - - 0 0 1 1 1 1.00 4
Apr 12 at Emory W, 4-1 - - - 3 1 - - 1 - 4
Apr 12 at Emory L, 8-7 - - - 0 0 - 4 - - 5
Apr 13 at Emory L, 13-3 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Apr 13 at Emory L, 10-6 - - - 1 0 - 1 - - 3
Apr 18 at Wooster W, 21-10 - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
Apr 20 Heidelberg W, 8-1 - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 26 Brandeis L, 5-3 - - - 0 0 1 1 1 1.00 2
Apr 27 Brandeis W, 6-0 1 - - 1 0 - - 3 - 5
Apr 27 Brandeis L, 7-5 - - 1 1 0 - 1 2 0.50 5
Apr 28 Brandeis W, 17-4 - - - 0 0 - 2 - - 5
May 17 vs. Otterbein W, 4-2 - - - 4 1 - 2 - - 4
May 18 vs. Rochester (N.Y.) W, 11-0 - - - 1 0 - 1 1 1.00 4
May 19 at Wooster L, 8-7 - - - 4 1 - - 2 - 5
May 19 at Wooster L, 9-3 - - - 1 0 - - - - 4
Date Opponent Score gs w l sv ip h r er era bb k hr
Feb 23 at Spalding L, 6-5 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 24 at Spalding L, 2-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Feb 24 at Spalding L, 3-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 2 Allegheny W, 11-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 2 Allegheny W, 4-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 10 at Oglethorpe W, 9-0 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 11 at Oglethorpe W, 6-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 12 vs. Roger Williams L, 9-8 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 12 vs. Roger Williams L, 11-8 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 13 vs. Roger Williams W, 19-1 0 0 0 0 2.0 0 1 0 0.00 0 2 -
Mar 14 vs. Roger Williams W, 8-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 15 vs. Western New Eng. L, 2-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 16 vs. Western New Eng. W, 12-2 0 0 0 0 1.0 1 1 1 9.00 2 1 -
Mar 17 vs. Trinity (Conn.) W, 18-6 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 23 Fredonia W, 19-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Mar 23 Fredonia W, 5-3 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 24 St. John Fisher W, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 24 St. John Fisher W, 7-2 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 29 Washington (Mo.) L, 7-5 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 29 Washington (Mo.) L, 2-1 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 3 Baldwin Wallace W, 7-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 6 at New York U. W, 6-5 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 6 at New York U. W, 6-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 7 at New York U. W, 3-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 7 at New York U. W, 5-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 12 at Emory W, 4-1 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 12 at Emory L, 8-7 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 13 at Emory L, 13-3 0 0 0 0 1.0 3 3 3 27.00 0 0 -
Apr 13 at Emory L, 10-6 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 18 at Wooster W, 21-10 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 20 Heidelberg W, 8-1 - - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 26 Brandeis L, 5-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 27 Brandeis W, 6-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 27 Brandeis L, 7-5 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Apr 28 Brandeis W, 17-4 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
May 17 vs. Otterbein W, 4-2 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
May 18 vs. Rochester (N.Y.) W, 11-0 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
May 19 at Wooster L, 8-7 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
May 19 at Wooster L, 9-3 0 0 0 0 0.0 - - - 0.00 - - -
Date Opponent Score tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
Feb 23 at Spalding L, 6-5 - - - - - - - - - - -
Feb 24 at Spalding L, 2-0 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Feb 24 at Spalding L, 3-2 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 2 Allegheny W, 11-4 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 2 Allegheny W, 4-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 10 at Oglethorpe W, 9-0 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 11 at Oglethorpe W, 6-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 12 vs. Roger Williams L, 9-8 7 7 0 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Mar 12 vs. Roger Williams L, 11-8 10 9 1 0 1.000 2 - - - - -
Mar 13 vs. Roger Williams W, 19-1 1 0 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 14 vs. Roger Williams W, 8-4 5 5 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 15 vs. Western New Eng. L, 2-0 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Mar 16 vs. Western New Eng. W, 12-2 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 17 vs. Trinity (Conn.) W, 18-6 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 23 Fredonia W, 19-0 5 4 1 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Mar 23 Fredonia W, 5-3 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 24 St. John Fisher W, 5-4 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 24 St. John Fisher W, 7-2 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 29 Washington (Mo.) L, 7-5 - - - - - - - - - - -
Mar 29 Washington (Mo.) L, 2-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 3 Baldwin Wallace W, 7-2 6 6 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 6 at New York U. W, 6-5 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 6 at New York U. W, 6-0 6 6 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 7 at New York U. W, 3-1 17 16 0 1 .941 - - - - - -
Apr 7 at New York U. W, 5-3 14 14 0 0 1.000 1 - - - - -
Apr 12 at Emory W, 4-1 3 3 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 12 at Emory L, 8-7 5 3 1 1 .800 - - - - - -
Apr 13 at Emory L, 13-3 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 13 at Emory L, 10-6 7 7 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 18 at Wooster W, 21-10 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 20 Heidelberg W, 8-1 - - - - - - - - - - -
Apr 26 Brandeis L, 5-3 0 0 0 0 - - - - - - -
Apr 27 Brandeis W, 6-0 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 27 Brandeis L, 7-5 1 1 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
Apr 28 Brandeis W, 17-4 8 8 0 0 1.000 2 - - - - -
May 17 vs. Otterbein W, 4-2 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
May 18 vs. Rochester (N.Y.) W, 11-0 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
May 19 at Wooster L, 8-7 3 3 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
May 19 at Wooster L, 9-3 3 3 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
  g ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs avg obp slg
2016-17 29 90 18 26 6 - - 18 5 18 5 2 .289 .377 .356
2017-18 35 113 12 26 7 - - 15 9 19 2 2 .230 .326 .292
2018-19 29 79 22 24 2 1 2 11 11 10 1 3 .304 .444 .430
Total 93 282 52 76 15 1 2 44 25 47 8 7 .270 .376 .351
  g hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
2016-17 29 9 2 1 32 6 3 23 22 1.05 107
2017-18 35 9 4 3 33 7 1 27 47 0.57 138
2018-19 29 9 - 1 34 5 5 21 23 0.91 100
Total 93 27 6 5 99 18 9 71 92 0.77 345
  app gs w l sv cg ip h r er bb k k/9 hr era
2016-17 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
2017-18 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
2018-19 3 0 0 0 0 - 4.0 4 5 4 2 3 6.75 - 9.00
Total 3 0 0 0 0 - 4.0 4 5 4 2 3 6.75 - 9.00
  g tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
2016-17 29 120 109 8 3 .975 12 - - - - -
2017-18 35 138 132 2 4 .971 14 - - - - -
2018-19 29 114 108 4 2 .982 6 - - - - -
Total 93 372 349 14 9 .976 32 - - - - -
  g ab r h 2b 3b hr rbi bb k sb cs avg obp slg
Total 29 79 22 24 2 1 2 11 11 10 1 3 .304 .444 .430
Conference 12 38 12 10 1 - 1 4 4 3 - - .263 .364 .368
Exhibition - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
-
Home 7 19 7 4 1 - - 1 7 2 - - .211 .464 .263
Away 13 39 9 11 1 - 2 6 1 7 - 2 .282 .333 .462
Neutral 9 21 6 9 - 1 - 4 3 1 1 1 .429 .586 .524
-
Wins 17 44 16 15 2 1 1 5 9 4 - 1 .341 .491 .500
Losses 12 35 6 9 - - 1 6 2 6 1 2 .257 .381 .343
-
February 2 4 0 1 - - - 0 - - - 2 .250 .400 .250
March 9 19 7 7 - - - 4 5 2 1 1 .368 .586 .368
April 14 41 13 11 2 - 1 4 4 4 - - .268 .375 .390
May 4 15 2 5 - 1 1 3 2 4 - - .333 .412 .667
  g hbp sf sh tb xbh hdp go fo go/fo pa
Total 29 9 - 1 34 5 5 21 23 0.91 100
Conference 12 2 - 1 14 2 4 14 11 1.27 45
Exhibition - - - - 0 0 - - - - 0
-
Home 7 2 - 1 5 1 1 4 9 0.44 29
Away 13 2 - - 18 3 3 12 8 1.50 42
Neutral 9 5 - - 11 1 1 5 6 0.83 29
-
Wins 17 4 - - 22 4 4 11 13 0.85 57
Losses 12 5 - 1 12 1 1 10 10 1.00 43
-
February 2 1 - - 1 0 - 2 1 2.00 5
March 9 5 - - 7 0 1 2 7 0.29 29
April 14 3 - 1 16 3 4 14 12 1.17 49
May 4 - - - 10 2 - 3 3 1.00 17
  app gs w l sv cg ip h r er bb k k/9 hr era
Total 3 0 0 0 0 - 4.0 4 5 4 2 3 6.75 - 9.00
Conference 1 0 0 0 0 - 1.0 3 3 3 0 0 .00 - 27.00
Exhibition - - - - - - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
-
Home 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
Away 1 0 0 0 0 - 1.0 3 3 3 0 0 .00 - 27.00
Neutral 2 0 0 0 0 - 3.0 1 2 1 2 3 9.00 - 3.00
-
Wins 2 0 0 0 0 - 3.0 1 2 1 2 3 9.00 - 3.00
Losses 1 0 0 0 0 - 1.0 3 3 3 0 0 .00 - 27.00
-
February 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
March 2 0 0 0 0 - 3.0 1 2 1 2 3 9.00 - 3.00
April 1 0 0 0 0 - 1.0 3 3 3 0 0 .00 - 27.00
May 0 0 0 0 0 - 0.0 - - - - - .00 - 0.00
  g tc po a e fpct dp sba rcs rcs% pb ci
Total 29 114 108 4 2 .982 6 - - - - -
Conference 12 64 61 1 2 .969 3 - - - - -
Exhibition - 0 - - - - - - - - - -
-
Home 7 23 22 1 0 1.000 2 - - - - -
Away 13 62 59 1 2 .968 1 - - - - -
Neutral 9 29 27 2 0 1.000 3 - - - - -
-
Wins 17 75 72 2 1 .987 3 - - - - -
Losses 12 39 36 2 1 .974 3 - - - - -
-
February 2 2 2 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -
March 9 32 29 3 0 1.000 3 - - - - -
April 14 70 67 1 2 .971 3 - - - - -
May 4 10 10 0 0 1.000 - - - - - -